KAHL Project

The Project Background

The project "Technical Assistance for the Animal health department of the KFVA and the Food and Veterinary Laboratory" (short name: KAHL Project) is an EU funded project that runs for 24 months from 23-Feb-15.

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The links below provide access to key project information and documents in four sections. These are:

  • Deliverables: Outputs from the project including technical documents, policy proposals and important results
  • Reports: Project administrative reports such as the Inception Report and Final Report
  • Details: A more detailed description of the KAHL project
  • Experts: CVs of project key and senior experts

The KAHL Project Final Reports

Project administrative reports such as the Inception Report and Final Report

  • KAHL Inception Report Final Complete: Eng

Deliverables Categories: please click corresponding category to see its documents

1. Department of Animal Health and Welfare: Structure and functions
  • Assessment of the structure and functions of the Directorate for Animal Health and Welfare: Eng
  • Proposal for reform of the structure, management and job allocation of the Directorate of Animal Health and Welfare: Eng
  • Workshop Report Multi Annual Work Planning: Eng
  • Multi Annual Work Planning: Eng
  • MULTIANNUAL BUDGETING FOR KFVA’S ANIMAL HEALTH SECTOR: Alb | Eng
2. Surveillance and control policies
  • Disease Surveillance Strategy and Plans: Eng
  • Disease Vaccination Strategy and Plans: Eng
3. Economics and Cost Benefit Analysis

 

4. Contingency planning and simulation exercises

 

5. Brucellosis control

 

6. Awareness campaigns and PVP training

 

7. KFVA staff training

 

8. Laboratory tests and equipment
  • Diseases for which laboratory testing is required: Eng
  • Laboratory test procedures required for the diseases for which surveillance or control plans are needed: Eng
  • Laboratory reagents, PRAG format: Eng
  • Laboratory equipment present, equipment condition and equipment needed: Eng
  • Laboratory equipment required, PRAG format: Eng
9. Laboratory management systems
  • Assessment of the KFVA laboratory information management system: Eng
  • Proposal for a LIMS system for KFVA: Eng
  • Budget for a LIMS system: Eng

Details about KAHL project

The full name of the project is “Technical Assistance for the Animal health department of the KFVA and the Food and Veterinary Laboratory” and it is an EU funded project under the IPA 2013 programme for Kosovo. The abbreviation KAHL stands for Kosovo Animal Health and Laboratory

The overall objective of the project is to strengthen safeguarding measures of animal health from introduction of exotic diseases and reinforce the capacity to implement control and eradication plans for diseases present in the country. This is part of the process of bringing the animal health system towards EU standards. The direct beneficiary of the project is the Kosovo Food and Veterinary Agency (KFVA) and the indirect beneficiaries will be the livestock keepers in Kosovo and the Kosovan public in general.

The project has a duration of 24 months and commenced on 23-Feb-15. The project has two components, animal health and laboratory testing. Within these are 11 key results, shown below

Component 1: Animal disease control

Result 1:

Development plan for the animal health unit, including annual and multiannual work plan is prepared

Result 2:

Surveillance and vaccination programme for diseases identified by the KFVA and those for which reporting is compulsory have been drafted and implemented

Result 3:

Cost benefit analysis for control and/or eradication of selected animal diseases is prepared

Result 4:

Contingency plans for selected animal diseases have been reviewed and updated

Result 5:

Control plan for brucellosis and clostridial diseases have been reviewed and updated. A list of needed diagnostic kits, biological materials and other consumables needed for implementation of the programme for control of brucellosis and clostridial diseases has been drafted; laboratory capacities and potential inclusion of new tests and techniques have been reviewed and updated.

Result 6:

An awareness campaign on the importance of disease control and eradication for farmers and other stakeholders concerned has been designed and implemented

 

Component 2: Laboratory testing

Result 7:

Training need analysis and training for the laboratory staff has been carried out

Result 8:

A list of test and analysis to be included in the range of laboratory services to be performed has been drafted

Result 9:

A list of missing equipment and technical specifications for these equipment has been prepared

Result 10:

Laboratory staff trained and capable of performing laboratory tests on the selected animal diseases

Result 11:

Laboratory management systems including document management and communications system have been reviewed and updated

The major diseases that are mentioned in the terms of reference are brucellosis and clostridial diseases.

Brucellosis is mostly a problem in small ruminants and leads to significant numbers of cases in people. There has been a vaccination campaign against this disease since 2010, initially by vaccinating all sheep and goats for three years and young animals born that year since 2013. It is now important to assess the progress made and to put a plan in place for future control of the disease.

Clostridial diseases are known to be present in Kosovo, but their impact is uncertain. Whilst vaccination against them will continue, it is important to evaluate the real incidence of these diseases and which animals are affected as well as to undertake a cost-benefit analysis of their control, including options for cost sharing.

The lack of information on clostridial diseases highlights the general problems of the livestock disease surveillance system in Kosovo,  both active surveillance but in particular primary surveillance by farmers, PVPs in the field and the KFVA. This needs to be strengthened both at field level to produce reports and clinical samples for testing, and  at central level where data must be collated and analysed. Disease reporting and investigation is a key aspect of disease detection and control which will be part of any assessment of the veterinary services by the EU FVO prior to accession being granted.

Equally important in that assessment will be the structure and functions of the state veterinary service which is based within the KFVA. At central level, this must be able to handle the multiple tasks required which in include legislation, farm registers, animal I&R, disease surveillance, disease incursion detection, disease control, disease eradication, national and international disease reporting, zoonotic disease control, import and export controls, internal movement controls, outbreak preparedness including contingency planning and policy formulation. At field level, there must be effective control of field veterinary services to undertake the required tasks and in particular to be able to respond effectively to disease emergencies with a clear chain of command and defined responsibilities at each level of this.

An important part of the function of a state veterinary service is to be prepared for disease emergencies. Disease preparedness requires (amongst other things) that contingency plans and detailed field operations manuals have been prepared for the diseases that are likely to occur. These must then be tested in simulation exercises. There must also be a legal and financial framework in place so that control and eradication can commence quickly.

The animal health section of the Food and Veterinary Laboratory must be able to undertake the required testing using a defined set of test methods of known quality and working to high and provable standards for each of these tests, with ISO 17025 as the benchmark for quality control. To undertake such tests, the laboratory requires an adequate and sustainable supply of human, physical and financial resources.

The eleven key results address many of these issues and the successful completion of the project will lead to an improved livestock health status and a sustainably improved capacity of the veterinary services in Kosovo to control and eradicate the highest priority livestock diseases.

The KAHL Project Experts

The KAHL Project Involves many veterinary experts, such as:

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